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Disconnected RiversLinking Rivers to Landscapes$
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Ellen Wohl

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780300103328

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300103328.001.0001

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Institutional Conquest

Institutional Conquest

Bureaucratic Impacts

(p.176) Chapter 5 Institutional Conquest
Disconnected Rivers

Ellen E. Wohl

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on the intervention of the federal government in river processes. The 1928 Flood Control Act, with $300 million in federal funds, made flood control in the lower Mississippi River valley a federal responsibility. Three federal agencies were primarily charged with the tasks of altering river processes. The Bureau of Reclamation, created in 1902, was given the task of reclaiming arid lands in the western United States, and is now most noted for the construction of huge reservoirs on western rivers. The Army Corps of Engineers was charged with the improvement of waterways for navigation and flood control. The Department of Agriculture's Soil Conservation Service, formed in 1935, was charged with flood control and land reclamation along smaller, headwater channels, and is most noted for constructing sediment-detention and erosion-control structures along these smaller streams.

Keywords:   river processes, federal government, flood control, arid lands, waterways

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