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The Chattel PrincipleInternal Slave Trades in the Americas$
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Walter Johnson

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780300103557

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300103557.001.0001

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The Domestic Slave Trade in America

The Domestic Slave Trade in America

The Lifeblood of the Southern Slave System

(p.91) 5 The Domestic Slave Trade in America
The Chattel Principle

Steven Deyle

Yale University Press

This chapter presents James G. Birney's statement of the status of slavery in the Upper South. In one of his first public appearances, at the second annual meeting of the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1835, Birney told his audience that, contrary to popular opinion, slavery was not any milder in the Upper South than in the Lower South, nor less harsh than in the past. Slavery was changing, however, and according to Birney, the number of “coffles of slaves traversing the country to a market” was increasing daily, and “the system now growing into practice is for the farming states to supply those farther south with slaves, just as regularly and systematically the slave coast of Africa used to supply the colonists of Brazil or St. Domingo.”

Keywords:   coffles of slaves, James G. Birney, American Anti-Slavery Society, Upper South, Lower South, farming states, slave coast

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