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Stress and HypertensionExamining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure$
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Kevin T. Larkin

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106442

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106442.001.0001

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Stress and Essential Hypertension

Stress and Essential Hypertension

(p.92) 4 Stress and Essential Hypertension
Stress and Hypertension

Kevin T. Larkin

Yale University Press

High blood pressure, commonly referred to as hypertension, takes two forms: primary or essential hypertension and secondary hypertension. In cases of secondary hypertension, there is an identified physiological abnormality or exogenous substances causing the high blood pressure. When the exact cause of the elevated blood pressure is unknown, the condition is called primary or essential hypertension. This chapter examines studies that present evidence linking stress with the onset of essential hypertension. These studies are categorized into several different types: studies of major life event stressors, studies of job stress and strain, studies on cultural influences on stress and blood pressure, and animal research linking stress to hypertension.

Keywords:   high blood pressure, hypertension, essential hypertension, secondary hypertension, stress, stressors, job stress, strain, cultural influences, animal research

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