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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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The Militarization of Socialism in Russia

The Militarization of Socialism in Russia

(p.127) Chapter 11 The Militarization of Socialism in Russia
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Robert Daniels

Yale University Press

Socialism in the Soviet Union was shaped by Russia's particular historical traditions, its revolutionary experience, and the international trend toward managerial society. Explaining the actual nature of Soviet socialism by the ideology of Marxism with which it was officially associated is problematic. On the contrary, Soviet socialism was characterized by a new form of military society, rather than rule by the working class. The distinctive features of Soviet totalitarianism are similar to the standard features of a military organization. In the Soviet experience, socialism turned into an instrument of militarism which maximally geared the resources of society to the needs and priorities of the military interest. The militarization of socialism in Russia began with Vladimir Lenin and his ideal of the revolutionary party. This chapter explores the militarization of socialism in Russia by considering the influence of the civil war of 1918 and Lenin's New Economic Policy of 1921.

Keywords:   socialism, Russia, totalitarianism, militarism, Vladimir Lenin, civil war, New Economic Policy, Soviet Union, Marxism

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