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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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Bureaucratic Advance and Social Lag in the Revolution

Bureaucratic Advance and Social Lag in the Revolution

Chapter:
(p.140) Chapter 12 Bureaucratic Advance and Social Lag in the Revolution
Source:
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia
Author(s):

Robert Daniels

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0013

The peculiar nature of the Russian Revolution enabled Russia to rise out of precapitalist, traditional ways and embrace bureaucracy for its political and economic institutions. This managerial-bureaucratic transformation has proved to be more difficult to conceptualize by the Marxists than the non-Marxist critics of capitalism. In the course of the Russian Revolution, the argument that the proletariat is the class destined to replace the bourgeoisie as the ruling class immediately became one of the more mythical aspects of Marxism, thus leaving the problem of defining the ruling class under Communism as well as the ongoing development of capitalist society. The revolutionary society's transformation into a managerial bureaucracy could be gleaned in the statement made by Vladimir Lenin to the Communist Central Committee some five months after he rose to power, when he tried to resolve the growing controversy in the party between the utopians and the pragmatists over how to organize the economy. The same bureaucratic principle extolled by Lenin helped consolidate Joseph Stalin's revolution from above of the late 1920s and early 1930s.

Keywords:   bureaucracy, Russian Revolution, Russia, capitalism, Marxism, Communism, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, revolution from above

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