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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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Trotsky on Democracy and Bureaucracy

Trotsky on Democracy and Bureaucracy

(p.180) Chapter 15 Trotsky on Democracy and Bureaucracy
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Robert Daniels

Yale University Press

Leon Trotsky was a fierce enemy of Leninism prior to the Russian Revolution, but also its most ardent exponent in the revolution and in the civil war. His political outlook changed dramatically during the succession struggle that erupted in 1923. Trapped between the rigidity of his theoretical commitments to Leninism and Marxism and the bitter political adversity that hounded him in mid-career, Trotsky took the Communist Party leadership to task for violating the workers' democracy that was supposed to be the Communist norm. In 1928, Joseph Stalin broke with Nikolai Bukharin's right wing of the party, a decision that had little immediate impact on Trotsky's thinking despite the capitulation of many of his supporters. Before his expulsion from the USSR, Trotsky considered writing a more systematic treatise on the problem of bureaucracy. During his exile, he continued to follow the factional and doctrinal infighting among Communists outside the Soviet Union.

Keywords:   democracy, Leon Trotsky, Leninism, Russian Revolution, Communist Party, Joseph Stalin, Nikolai Bukharin, bureaucracy, exile, Soviet Union

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