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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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Stalinism as Postrevolutionary Dictatorship

Stalinism as Postrevolutionary Dictatorship

(p.210) Chapter 18 Stalinism as Postrevolutionary Dictatorship
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Robert Daniels

Yale University Press

Many writers, including Leon Trotsky, have labeled postrevolutionary dictatorship as “Bonapartism” in which elements of the revolution and the Old Regime are combined following the chaos and fanaticism of the earlier revolutionary phases. In the twentieth century, postrevolutionary dictatorship assumed the institutional form of totalitarianism. In Russia, postrevolutionary dictatorship was characterized by the organizational and ideological continuity maintained by Joseph Stalin between the revolutionary era and his own regime. Stalin himself emerged from the apparatus of the party of revolutionary extremism and made it the foundation of his postrevolutionary rule. In addition, he insisted on the formal observance of revolutionary ideology that he called “Marxism-Leninism.” Stalin's postrevolutionary dictatorship was known for its bureaucratic social base and its cultural conservatism. His personal impact is commonly interpreted as a “revolution from above,” which instituted total socialization and militarization by collectivizing the peasants.

Keywords:   postrevolutionary dictatorship, revolution, totalitarianism, Russia, Joseph Stalin, revolutionary extremism, Marxism-Leninism, revolution from above, socialization, militarization

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