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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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From Distributive Socialism to Production Socialism

From Distributive Socialism to Production Socialism

(p.221) Chapter 19 From Distributive Socialism to Production Socialism
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Robert Daniels

Yale University Press

Compared with all other forms of socialism, Marxian socialism was the natural outcome of the historical laws of class struggle and revolution that Karl Marx assumed he had discovered. Marx's socialism was utopianism in which a sophisticated theory of social and economic development reinforced the earlier ideal of a stateless collectivism with complete distributive justice. Marx incorporated in his thought the full importance of economic development through technical progress and industrialization, the first philosopher in history to do so. According to Marxism, economic development provided the material prerequisites to ensure the effective socialist redistribution of wealth in the name of justice. This developmental function was supposed to be the distinctive work of capitalism rather than the responsibility of socialism. A new kind of socialist ideal—production socialism—was envisioned as a replacement for capitalism in terms of accumulating capital and developing the productive forces of society. In Russia, production socialism formed the foundation of the Communists' betrayal of democratic and egalitarian ideals as well as their creation of the so-called bureaucratic state capitalism.

Keywords:   production socialism, socialism, Marxian socialism, Karl Marx, economic development, distributive justice, Russia, Communists

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