Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

Was Stalin Really a Communist?

Was Stalin Really a Communist?

(p.266) Chapter 23 Was Stalin Really a Communist?
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Robert Daniels

Yale University Press

Given his reputation, one may ask whether Joseph Stalin was really a Communist. This question acquired direct practical significance after the revolution against Stalinism that culminated in 1991. Both anti-Communists of the left and the proponents of perestroika in the Soviet Union insisted that Stalinism was a criminal betrayal of the revolution and of Marxist ideals. Stalin's commitment to Marxism and even to socialism only served to camouflage the establishment of a new oriental despotism. A contrary argument claims that Vladimir Lenin and Leninism significantly contributed to the cruelty of the Russian Revolution, and that they helped the Communist Party organization and Communist ideology to remain in place through the succeeding phases of reaction and postrevolutionary dictatorship. The “Stalin Revolution” had two phases: a revolution from above followed by a counterrevolution from above. This perspective revives an old issue: whether there was any essential difference between Communism and fascism.

Keywords:   revolution, counterrevolution, Joseph Stalin, Communism, Stalinism, perestroika, Soviet Union, Marxism, Communist Party, Stalin Revolution

Yale Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.