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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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Khrushchev and the Party Apparatus

Khrushchev and the Party Apparatus

Chapter:
(p.275) Chapter 24 Khrushchev and the Party Apparatus
Source:
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia
Author(s):

Robert Daniels

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0025

Joseph Stalin's death created a power vacuum reminiscent of the succession to Vladimir Lenin. As with Lenin, much of Stalin's authority went with him. A few years before Stalin died, two substantial changes were made in the organization of the Communist Party and state leadership, but were reversed immediately after he passed away. The first occurred in 1949, when prominent Politburo members were removed from direct ministerial responsibilities. The second change, announced at the Nineteenth Party Congress in October 1952, was the abolition of the Politburo of eleven men and its replacement with a “Presidium of the Central Committee” comprised of twenty-five men. Georgi Malenkov was chosen to give the political report to the congress, a role that had been carried out by Stalin after 1925, and thus he appeared to become Stalin's heir apparent. However, there was another man whose position corresponded most clearly with that of Stalin in 1924: Nikita Khrushchev. Khrushchev tipped the balance against Malenkov in the party organization, hence clearing the way for his ascendance to supreme power, by controlling the Secretariat.

Keywords:   Joseph Stalin, Communist Party, Politburo, Georgi Malenkov, Nikita Khrushchev, Secretariat

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