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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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The Revolutionary Process and the Moderate Revolutionary Revival

The Revolutionary Process and the Moderate Revolutionary Revival

(p.383) Chapter 33 The Revolutionary Process and the Moderate Revolutionary Revival
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Robert Daniels

Yale University Press

Various interpretations have been put forward to explain the unexpected turn of events in Russia following Mikhail Gorbachev's rise to power and the advent of perestroika in 1985. Gorbachev himself maintained that it was a new revolution, while a few diehard Communists insisted that it was a counterrevolution. The West called it a “transition to democracy” on the Latin American model, while pessimistic Russian liberals spoke of a new “Time of Troubles” opening the way to a new authoritarianism and a new tsar. Russian politics after 1985 can be fully understood only in the context of the country's convoluted revolutionary experience going back to 1917. The revolutionary process does not end with the postrevolutionary dictatorship or even with monarchical restoration. There is a final stage known as the moderate revolutionary revival. Building upon an apparatus of personal power within the Communist Party, Joseph Stalin assumed the role of postrevolutionary dictator and launched his “revolution from above.” The course of the moderate revolutionary revival has not been smooth for Russia.

Keywords:   moderate revolutionary revival, Russia, Mikhail Gorbachev, perestroika, revolution, dictatorship, Communist Party, Joseph Stalin

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