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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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Lenin as a Russian Revolutionary

Lenin as a Russian Revolutionary

(p.42) Chapter 3 Lenin as a Russian Revolutionary
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Robert Daniels

Yale University Press

This chapter examines the extent to which the philosophy of Marxism was embodied by Vladimir Lenin, the Bolshevik movement, and the Soviet regime, or the degree to which they were instead products of Russian history. It can be argued that Lenin abandoned his Marxian heritage in favor of the ideas championed by the revolutionaries of Russia who came before him. Despite the Bolsheviks' Marxist language, the Russian Revolution was shaped by Russian beliefs, the result of which was intrinsically Russian—namely, that it was Lenin's revolution rather than Karl Marx's. The chapter also discusses the proletariat, Bolshevism, and historical materialism in the eyes of Lenin.

Keywords:   Marxism, Vladimir Lenin, Russia, Bolsheviks, Russian Revolution, proletariat, Bolshevism, historical materialism, Karl Marx

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