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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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Lenin's Vision

Lenin's Vision

The State and Revolution

(p.59) Chapter 5 Lenin's Vision
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Robert Daniels

Yale University Press

In his State and Revolution, Vladimir Lenin details the doctrine of revolution and the proletarian dictatorship. However, it did not conform to his previous thought or to his subsequent practice, and instead reflects his intellectual transformation in 1917, the year of the Russian Revolution. In State and Revolution, Lenin predicted that revolutionary victory would result in a proletarian dictatorship and that the new body politic would be realized once the repressive machinery of the bourgeois state was destroyed, a real democracy of the working class was established, and the tasks of administration were transferred directly into the hands of the masses. This chapter examines the ideas of State and Revolution, Lenin's theory of the revolutionary state and his shift over to the leftist stream of Bolshevik thought, Nikolai Bukharin's views on capitalism, and Karl Marx's concept of a “ruling the nation” in relation to class struggle.

Keywords:   capitalism, State and Revolution, Vladimir Lenin, revolution, proletarian dictatorship, bourgeois state, revolutionary state, Nikolai Bukharin, Karl Marx, class struggle

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