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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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Russia and Revolution

Russia and Revolution

(p.71) Chapter 6 Russia and Revolution
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Robert Daniels

Yale University Press

In pursuing their ultimate goal, revolutionaries believed that the end justifies their violent means. However, great revolutions do not often begin deliberately; they result from a confluence of circumstances. A revolution is a process rather than an event, one that develops over a period of years in characteristic phases: the overthrow of the Old Regime, the rise of the moderates, the breakdown of the old institutional fabric, the emotional mobilization and polarization of the population, and the conflict between left-wing extremists and right-wing counterrevolutionaries in their struggle for power. This chapter examines the factors that account for the triumph of revolutionary extremism and the success of the Bolsheviks in Russia. It looks at how the Bolsheviks assimilated the anticapitalist principle, the role of capitalism and anticapitalism in the Russian Revolution, and the Russian Communists' rejection of social revolution. It argues that the Russian Revolution was a struggle not only of cultures but also of classes.

Keywords:   left-wing extremists, right-wing counterrevolutionaries, Bolsheviks, Russia, capitalism, anticapitalism, Russian Revolution, Communists, social revolution

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