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The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia$
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Robert V. Daniels

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106497

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106497.001.0001

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The Bolshevik Gamble

The Bolshevik Gamble

(p.93) Chapter 8 The Bolshevik Gamble
The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Robert Daniels

Yale University Press

The so-called insurrection in October and November 1917 catapulted the Bolsheviks to power in Russia. The Russian Revolution, which began with the fall of the tsar in February 1917, led to a political crisis. Power was initially divided between the Provisional Government and the soviets, but Bolshevik extremists soon secured a dominant place in the latter. They were aided by Vladimir Lenin, who identified himself with the strongest forces of dissatisfaction. Despite this obvious political success, it remains perplexing why the Bolsheviks would launch an armed uprising that looked like a gamble. Lenin wanted a violent uprising to get a chance for an independent Bolshevik Party takeover and realize the personal dictatorship to which he aspired. It appears that overthrowing the Provisional Government through the Russian Revolution was not planned or expected.

Keywords:   insurrection, Bolsheviks, Russia, Russian Revolution, Provisional Government, soviets, Vladimir Lenin, uprising, Bolshevik Party

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