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The Sociologist's EyeReflections on Social Life$
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Kai Erikson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780300106671

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300106671.001.0001

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Creating Divisions

Creating Divisions

(p.296) Creating Divisions
The Sociologist's Eye

Kai Erikson

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on “stratification” or “differentiation,” the process by which every society finds ways to divide itself into a vast tracery of classes, ranks, orders, estates, stations, and so on. History is testament to the ways in which we have learned to locate ourselves in a whole latticework of classes, estates, orders, and other differentials. These distinctions are of two quite different but overlapping kinds. The first is stratification, the way human beings arrange themselves into hierarchies and gradations based on rank. The second is differentiation, which has to do with the way human beings sort themselves into other divisions based on gender, occupation, lifestyle, race, and the like.

Keywords:   stratification, differentiation, class, race, gender, differentials

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