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Engineering CommunismHow Two Americans Spied for Stalin and Founded the Soviet Silicon Valley$
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Steven T. Usdin

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780300108743

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300108743.001.0001

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Zelenograd, the Soviet Silicon Valley, 1962–1965

Zelenograd, the Soviet Silicon Valley, 1962–1965

(p.203) 8 Zelenograd, the Soviet Silicon Valley, 1962–1965
Engineering Communism

Steven T. Usdin

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on the construction of Zelenograd, the Soviet Silicon Valley, during the period from 1962–1965. The chapter reveals that Khrushchev signed the postanovlenie, or official decree, on August 8, 1962, authorizing the establishment of a center of microelectronics, to be called the “Scientific Center,” near Kryukovo railroad station. The satellite city was officially named Zelenograd (Green City) on January 15, 1963, by a decree of the Moscow Executive Committee. The first planned city in the Soviet Union, it was designed to accommodate approximately 65,000 people. Its designers had been influenced by the British New Town movement. Unlike in other Soviet industrial centers, where apartment buildings were often built adjacent to belching industrial smokestacks, living areas and factories were located in separate areas. Located 25 miles north of the Kremlin, Zelenograd was declared a part of Moscow.

Keywords:   Zelenograd, Soviet Silicon Valley, microelectronics, Soviet Union, industrial centers

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