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The Conquest of MalariaItaly, 1900-1962$
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Frank M. Snowden

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780300108996

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300108996.001.0001

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A Nation Mobilizes

A Nation Mobilizes

(p.53) 3 A Nation Mobilizes
The Conquest of Malaria

Frank M. Snowden

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the Italian crusade against malaria in 1904, which involved a close partnership among the state, local governments, and the medical profession. The central government purchased quinine wholesale on the international market, packaged it in tablets at its factory in Turin, and distributed it to municipalities in all the malarial zones in Italy. Bypassing the retail market of pharmacies, local governments provided the alkaloid—dubbed “state quinine”—free to those in need. The network of physicians employed by the campaign supervised the administration of the drug. The intention of the legislature was that every poor Italian at risk would receive regular medication for both prevention and cure at no cost and with the certainty that the chemical was unadulterated.

Keywords:   crusade against malaria, partnership, state, local governments, medical profession, quinine, Turin, malarial zones, alkaloid, state quinine

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