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Arming SlavesFrom Classical Times to the Modern Age$
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Christopher Leslie Brown and Philip D. Morgan

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780300109009

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300109009.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 31 May 2020

The Arming of Slaves in the Haitian Revolution

The Arming of Slaves in the Haitian Revolution

(p.209) The Arming of Slaves in the Haitian Revolution
Arming Slaves

David Geggus

Yale University Press

Saint Domingue, the site of Haitian Revolution of 1789–1803, was one of the largest and most productive slave societies during the eighteenth century. In 1791, the French colony was a major supplier of sugar and coffee to the Atlantic market. At the time of the uprisings, it was home to about half a million slaves, 30,000 whites, and a similar number of free people of color. The slave revolt ended both slavery and French colonial rule. More than 80,000 European troops were brought to the colony, but slaves and former slaves made up a large proportion of combatants on all sides. This chapter examines the arming of slaves in the Haitian Revolution, the extent of which was without precedent in the Caribbean. It first looks at developments prior to the revolution before turning to four types of militarization involving slaves: plantation guards, irregular corps raised by colonists, alliances with insurgents, and formal corps formed by states.

Keywords:   slaves, Saint Domingue, Haitian Revolution, slavery, militarization, plantation guards, irregular corps, insurgents, formal corps

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