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Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century$
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Philip Martin, Manolo Abella, and Christiane Kuptsch

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780300109047

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300109047.001.0001

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Highly Skilled Guest Workers

Highly Skilled Guest Workers

(p.55) 3 Highly Skilled Guest Workers
Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century

Philip Martin

Manolo Abella

Christiane Kuptsch

Yale University Press

This chapter examines guest worker programs that admit foreign professionals for employment in health care and high-tech and similar industries and occupations, discussing how professional, technical, and kindred or related workers are those with at least a college or university degree or equivalent work experience. A key characteristic of professionals is that they have education and training that takes time to acquire, so their number cannot be increased quickly unless trained workers who are not employed in their field of training are induced to rejoin the workforce. The chapter reveals that during the 1990s, most industrial countries made it easier for foreign professionals to enter and work temporarily or permanently in response to the Internet-related economic boom. It argues that most economists believe that attracting immigrant professionals is good for destination countries because such immigrants raise incomes and growth rates in three major ways.

Keywords:   foreign professionals, employment, training, education, industrial countries

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