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Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century$
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Philip Martin, Manolo Abella, and Christiane Kuptsch

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780300109047

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300109047.001.0001

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Guest Worker Programs

Guest Worker Programs

(p.83) 4 Guest Worker Programs
Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century

Philip Martin

Manolo Abella

Christiane Kuptsch

Yale University Press

This chapter addresses unskilled workers, and reviews program developments since World War II, comparing large-scale guest worker schemes of the 1950s and 1960s that led to settlement with seasonal and other programs of the 1990s which were designed to improve the rotation of workers. Guest worker programs are designed to add workers temporarily to the labor force, not settlers to the population; workers are admitted with the understanding that they will not become immigrants and naturalized citizens. The chapter discusses how in most cases, guest workers fill year-round or permanent jobs, meaning that individuals should rotate in and out of the labor market and country in a revolving-door fashion. It also reviews the shift from large-scale guest worker programs, in which admissions varied with the overall unemployment rate, to current small-scale programs, which are distinguished by the lack of a relationship between admissions and general economic indicators.

Keywords:   unskilled workers, program developments, naturalized citizens, labor market, small-scale programs

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