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Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century$
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Philip Martin, Manolo Abella, and Christiane Kuptsch

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780300109047

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300109047.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 01 August 2021

Guest Worker Programs

Guest Worker Programs

Chapter:
(p.83) 4 Guest Worker Programs
Source:
Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century
Author(s):

Philip Martin

Manolo Abella

Christiane Kuptsch

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300109047.003.0004

This chapter addresses unskilled workers, and reviews program developments since World War II, comparing large-scale guest worker schemes of the 1950s and 1960s that led to settlement with seasonal and other programs of the 1990s which were designed to improve the rotation of workers. Guest worker programs are designed to add workers temporarily to the labor force, not settlers to the population; workers are admitted with the understanding that they will not become immigrants and naturalized citizens. The chapter discusses how in most cases, guest workers fill year-round or permanent jobs, meaning that individuals should rotate in and out of the labor market and country in a revolving-door fashion. It also reviews the shift from large-scale guest worker programs, in which admissions varied with the overall unemployment rate, to current small-scale programs, which are distinguished by the lack of a relationship between admissions and general economic indicators.

Keywords:   unskilled workers, program developments, naturalized citizens, labor market, small-scale programs

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