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The Holy PlaceArchitecture, Ideology, and History in Russia$
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Konstantin Akinsha, Grigorij Kozlov, and Sylvia Hochfield

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300110272

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300110272.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 28 November 2021

Vitberg's Cathedral

Vitberg's Cathedral

(p.1) Part One Vitberg's Cathedral (p.2)
The Holy Place

Konstantin Akinsha

Grigorij Kozlov

Sylvia Hochfield

Yale University Press

This chapter looks at the first construction of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior during the time of Emperor Alexander I. It narrates how the war and the invasion of Napoleon started a string of disasters for the Russians, and how the czar reacted to such an invasion. It narrates the period from the burning down of Moscow up to the proposal of the need for a victory monument. Professional architects proposed their designs, all of which adhered to a classical style. The most original design was that of the St. Petersburg architect, Andrei Voronikhin. Voronikhin was the only architect took seriously the idea of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior as a national monument. Voronikhin, however, died in 1814, thus being unable to realize the construction of his design. Instead, his protégé, a young painter named Karl Vitberg, tried his luck in the competition. This chapter thus recounts the historical background of the construction of the cathedral.

Keywords:   Cathedral of Christ the Savior, Emperor Alexander I, invasion of Napoleon, national monument, Andrei Voronikhin, St. Petersburg architect, Karl Vitberg

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