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Russian OrientalismAsia in the Russian Mind from Peter the Great to the Emigration$
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David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780300110630

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300110630.001.0001

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Missionary Orientology

Missionary Orientology

Chapter:
(p.122) 6 Missionary Orientology
Source:
Russian Orientalism
Author(s):

David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300110630.003.0007

In 1854, Nicholas I officially shut down Kazan University's chairs in orientology. The Most Holy Synod in St. Petersburg then authorized the Missionary Division at the Kazan Theological Academy, with sections devoted to the languages and religions of the Russian empire's Eastern minorities. The Theological Academy was established in 1723 as the archbishop's Slavic-Latin School for priests' sons and eventually became a proper seminary with a special duty for the East. Orientology at Russian universities generally focused on the East's major cultures to the detriment of Russia's own Asian minorities, but the emphasis shifted at the Theological Academy. A leading figure in Kazan's nineteenth-century missionary work was Nikolai Ivanovich Il'minskii, a seminarian, orientologist, and the leading educator of Kazan's Kriashen. A product of the Russian Orthodox Church's institutions of higher education in Kazan was Father Hyacinth, considered the founder of Russian Sinology, who produced a prolific series of works about China and Inner Asia.

Keywords:   orientology, Russia, missionary work, Nikolai Ivanovich Il'minskii, Russian Orthodox Church, Kazan University, Father Hyacinth, Inner Asia, Kazan, East

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