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Master of the HouseStalin and His Inner Circle$
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Oleg V. Khlevniuk

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780300110661

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300110661.001.0001

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A Facade of Liberalization 1934

A Facade of Liberalization 1934

(p.85) 3 A Facade of Liberalization 1934
Master of the House

Oleg V. Khlevniuk

Yale University Press

This chapter examines the factors behind the move toward more moderate policies in 1934 and considers the role played by Sergei Kirov in these initiatives. It suggests that foreign policy considerations—the threat from Fascist Germany and the desire to conclude an anti-Fascist pact with France and its allies—largely determined the direction of Stalinist policy. On 19 December 1933 the Politburo adopted a highly classified resolution concerning the possibility of membership in the League of Nations and concluded regional mutual defense pacts with a number of Western countries in case of German aggression.

Keywords:   Stalin, moderate policies, Sergei Kirov, foreign policy, Stalinist policies, Politburo

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