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Into the BlackJPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004$
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Peter J. Westwick

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780300110753

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300110753.001.0001

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Voyager Redux, Galileo, and Magellan

Voyager Redux, Galileo, and Magellan

(p.186) Thirteen Voyager Redux, Galileo, and Magellan
Into the Black

Peter J. Westwick

Yale University Press

This chapter shows that despite the failure of the SSEC plan—the bloated Mars Observer, the deferral of Mariner Mark II—the decade of the 1980s closed on a generally upbeat note. The optimism of 1985, dashed by Challenger, returned. Mars Observer and CRAF/Cassini, although expanding beyond austerity, were still under way. Voyager meanwhile continued to sustain the lab with encounters with Uranus in 1986 and Neptune in 1989, and together with Galileo and Magellan it combined to restore confidence at JPL. Amid the drought in planetary launches, the main sustenance for planetary scientists in this period came from Voyager 2's encounters at Uranus and Neptune, which extended Voyager's triumphal tour of the outer solar system. The encounters, however, did not simply entail sitting back and waiting for the spacecraft to get there but required much new work.

Keywords:   bloated Mars Observer, SSEC plan, Mariner Mark II, Challenger, CRAF/Cassini, Voyager, Uranus, Neptune, Galileo, Magellan

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