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Escaping the Dark, Gray CityFear and Hope in Progressive-Era Conservation$
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Benjamin Heber Johnson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780300115505

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300115505.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Landscapes of Reform

Landscapes of Reform

Chapter:
(p.53) Two Landscapes of Reform
Source:
Escaping the Dark, Gray City
Author(s):

Benjamin Heber Johnson

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300115505.003.0003

This chapter illustrates how naturalist Enos Mills' utopian vision embodied many of the elements of conservation in the early twentieth century. His sensibility reflected a broad cultural and political program that sought to address what he and many others understood as an environmental crisis. Mills thought that the scientific management of resources and lands would foster both wealth and beauty in places where they already resided and in newly rehabilitated landscapes alike. His mention of the prosperous farms made possible by well-tended forests promised the continuation of economic opportunity and independence for a large portion of the population. Mills' optimism showed forth in the generally utopian cast of his remarks, but also in the confidence he had that his diverse audiences could all find a reason to join his crusade for conservation.

Keywords:   Enos Mills, naturalists, utopian vision, conservation, environmental crisis, rehabilitated landscapes, prosperous farms, diversity

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