Fresh from his successful campaign in Cuba, Theodore Roosevelt ran as governor of New York in the autumn of 1898, and won. Soon after taking office, he began writing a biography of Oliver Cromwell that became his homily on political leadership. Roosevelt was also interested in national office, and his opportunity came on September 6, 1901, when President William McKinley was shot by an assassin at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York. McKinley died eight days later, making Roosevelt, his vice president, the twenty-sixth president of the United States. Known as a man of action, Roosevelt pursued a variety of policies over the next seven and a half years. He helped rewrite civil service rules, sponsored the Elkins Act in 1903 that amended the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, attacked trusts, and settled labor strikes. By the time he left office, Roosevelt had built a lasting image as “trust buster” who brought dynamism back to the presidency.
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