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Sin and EvilMoral Values in Literature$
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Ronald Paulson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300120141

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300120141.001.0001

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The Original Evil and the Original Sin

The Original Evil and the Original Sin

(p.253) Chapter Seven The Original Evil and the Original Sin
Sin and Evil

Ronald Paulson

Yale University Press

This chapter illustrates the problem posed by hell that remained an issue during the Enlightenment. It was a place where sin was punished with evils, and the evils were imposed by sinners whose punishment included imposing these evils. Post-Reformation hell posed a second problem: punishment that was essentially sinless, or that rested only on the Original Sin. When everyone sinned, there was no sin-directed punishment in hell. Hell was essentially punishment, imposed on those designated sinners who had been denied grace. It was not, however, merely the absence of God; it was vividly burning forever in a fiery furnace. This is, however, not the hell described by the Church of England, who believed in a hell that is more along the lines of Dante's Purgatory, but a Calvinist hell. The Calvinist version of hell survived into the modern period.

Keywords:   hell, the Enlightenment, sinners, Post-Reformation hell, punishment, Calvinist hell

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