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The Unitary ExecutivePresidential Power from Washington to Bush$
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Steven G. Calabresi and Christopher S. Yoo

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780300121261

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300121261.001.0001

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Rutherford B. Hayes

Rutherford B. Hayes

(p.196) 19 Rutherford B. Hayes
The Unitary Executive

Steven G. Calabresi

Christopher S. Yoo

Yale University Press

This chapter tells the story of Rutherford B. Hayes, who became president during a low point in the Republican Party's power. When Hayes took his seat in the White House, he set about picking a cabinet, and, astonishingly, under the circumstances, resolved to do this completely independent of Congress, thus coming into office with a striking show of independence and pro-reform sentiment. His practice as president was untrue to his Whig origins, as “he moved away from the Whig ideal of a weak president who would be subservient to Congress, deferential to his cabinet, and would allow virtual autonomy to heads of departments.” From the start of his administration, Hayes confronted the question of what to do about faithfully executing the laws in the South.

Keywords:   cabinet, Rutherford B. Hayes, Republican Party, Congress, pro-reform sentiment, Whig

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