This chapter focuses on one of the key architects of the presidency at the Constitutional Convention, James Madison, a vigorous advocate both of a strong presidency and of the view that the Constitution gave the president the removal power. He was loath to expand the prerogatives of the Senate either over removals or over appointments to fill the vacancies thus created, since the Senate was the most state-oriented institution in the national government. To the extent that the Senate represented the states whereas the presidency was more nationalist, it should come as no surprise that the early Madison would favor a broad presidential removal power, given the views he had expressed at the Philadelphia Convention. He maintained these views as a member of the First Congress.
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