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The Unitary ExecutivePresidential Power from Washington to Bush$
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Steven G. Calabresi and Christopher S. Yoo

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780300121261

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300121261.001.0001

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James Madison

James Madison

(p.77) 4 James Madison
The Unitary Executive

Steven G. Calabresi

Christopher S. Yoo

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on one of the key architects of the presidency at the Constitutional Convention, James Madison, a vigorous advocate both of a strong presidency and of the view that the Constitution gave the president the removal power. He was loath to expand the prerogatives of the Senate either over removals or over appointments to fill the vacancies thus created, since the Senate was the most state-oriented institution in the national government. To the extent that the Senate represented the states whereas the presidency was more nationalist, it should come as no surprise that the early Madison would favor a broad presidential removal power, given the views he had expressed at the Philadelphia Convention. He maintained these views as a member of the First Congress.

Keywords:   key architects, presidency, Constitutional Convention, James Madison, Senate, state-oriented institution, First Congress

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