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Holocaust OdysseysThe Jews of Saint-Martin-Vésubie and Their Flight through France and Italy$
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Susan Zuccotti

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300122947

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300122947.001.0001

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Crossing the Alps After September 8, 1943

Crossing the Alps After September 8, 1943

(p.102) Chapter Nine Crossing the Alps After September 8, 1943
Holocaust Odysseys

Susan Zuccotti

Yale University Press

On September 8, 1943, U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower announced that Marshal Pietro Badoglio, who had replaced Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister of Italy, had agreed to an armistice with the Allies. Prior to the announcement, Axis army commanders had already agreed that the Italians would relinquish much of their occupation zone north and west of Nice to the Germans. Italian officials were reluctant to leave the Jews at the mercy of the Germans and discussed measures to protect them. Anticipating that Germany might eventually seize Italian-occupied France, an escape route was planned for Jewish immigrants and refugees that would take them out of Saint-Martin-Vésubie to Italy by crossing the Alps. This chapter looks at their exodus after September 8, 1943 and describes the experiences of Jews who survived the odyssey.

Keywords:   Jewish immigrants, refugees, Italy, armistice, Allies, Jews, Italian-occupied France, Saint-Martin-Vésubie, Alps, Germany

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