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Holocaust OdysseysThe Jews of Saint-Martin-Vésubie and Their Flight through France and Italy$
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Susan Zuccotti

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300122947

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300122947.001.0001

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Those Who Stayed Behind

Those Who Stayed Behind

(p.112) Chapter Ten Those Who Stayed Behind
Holocaust Odysseys

Susan Zuccotti

Yale University Press

After the Italians agreed to an armistice with the Allies, many of the 1,100 to 1,250 Jews in France's Saint-Martin-Vésubie chose to flee over the mountains into Italy, although an unknown number remained behind as the Italian army began to withdraw from their occupied zone. When Germany marched into Nice, its army began arresting Jews throughout the city, brutally interrogated them, and made them reveal the locations of family members. Approximately 1,800 Jews from Nice, along the coast, and from villages in the interior of the former Italian zone, underwent such harsh treatment before they were transported to Drancy by train and eventually sent to Auschwitz. This chapter looks at the ordeal of Jewish immigrants and refugees who remained in Saint-Martin-Vésubie after many of their fellow Jews escaped to Italy following the announcement of the Italians' armistice with the Allies.

Keywords:   Jewish immigrants, refugees, Italy, armistice, Jews, France, Saint-Martin-Vésubie, Germany, Nice, Drancy

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