Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Holocaust OdysseysThe Jews of Saint-Martin-Vésubie and Their Flight through France and Italy$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Susan Zuccotti

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300122947

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300122947.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

Jewish Immigrants and Political Refugees in Belgium and Luxembourg before the War

Jewish Immigrants and Political Refugees in Belgium and Luxembourg before the War

Menahem Marienberg, Miriam Löwenwirth, Sigi Hart, Boris Carmeli, and Walter Marx

Chapter:
(p.22) Chapter Two Jewish Immigrants and Political Refugees in Belgium and Luxembourg before the War
Source:
Holocaust Odysseys
Author(s):

Susan Zuccotti

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300122947.003.0003

In the 1920s and 1930s, Jews from Central and Eastern Europe sought refuge in various countries such as France, Canada, Great Britain, and the United States. While Jews who immigrated to Great Britain or the western hemisphere escaped Adolf Hitler's cruelty, those who settled in Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands found that their safety was only temporary. When Germany invaded those countries in May 1940, thousands fled to France without visas or permits of any kind. Because of their status as undocumented illegal aliens, combined with their poverty and unfamiliarity with the French people and language, the Jews suffered severe persecution in the country. This chapter looks at the plight of Jewish immigrants and political refugees in Belgium and Luxembourg prior to World War I, focusing on the experiences of Menahem Marienberg, Miriam Löwenwirth, Sigi Hart, Boris Carmeli, and Walter Marx.

Keywords:   immigrants, political refugees, Jews, Eastern Europe, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, persecution, World War I

Yale Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.