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Holocaust OdysseysThe Jews of Saint-Martin-Vésubie and Their Flight through France and Italy$
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Susan Zuccotti

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300122947

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300122947.001.0001

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Flight to Southern France, May and June 1940

Flight to Southern France, May and June 1940

Sigi Hart, Menahem Marienberg, Boris Carmeli, Miriam Löwenwirth, Lya Haberman, and Walter Marx

Chapter:
(p.31) Chapter Three Flight to Southern France, May and June 1940
Source:
Holocaust Odysseys
Author(s):

Susan Zuccotti

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300122947.003.0004

Before Germany invaded Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands on May 10, 1940, Jews in Western Europe were already worried about their relatives and friends in the East. About one million people from the Benelux countries, including some 10,000 to 40,000 Jews, were frantically trying to reach France before the German army could arrive. They rode the trains from Belgium headed for southern France with no apparent destination. By the end of the month, most were settled in assigned residences in the south. By the time the Germans attacked Poland in September 1939, the French government had arrested about 12,000 German and 5,000 Austrian immigrants and political refugees throughout the country, both Jews and non-Jews. This chapter chronicles the Jews' flight from the Benelux countries to southern France in May and June 1940, and describes the experiences of Sigi Hart, Menahem Marienberg, Boris Carmeli, Miriam Löwenwirth, Lya Haberman, and Walter Marx.

Keywords:   Austrian immigrants, political refugees, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Jews, France, Sigi Hart, Menahem Marienberg

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