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Holocaust OdysseysThe Jews of Saint-Martin-Vésubie and Their Flight through France and Italy$
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Susan Zuccotti

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780300122947

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300122947.001.0001

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Saint-Martin-Vésubie, November 1942–September 1943

Saint-Martin-Vésubie, November 1942–September 1943

(p.85) Chapter Eight Saint-Martin-Vésubie, November 1942–September 1943
Holocaust Odysseys

Susan Zuccotti

Yale University Press

Italy occupied southeastern France on November 8, 1942, while the north was occupied by Germany three days later. The Germans marched south while their Italian allies moved west from Menton and took over all or some of ten departments east of the Rhône River, including the cities of Nice, Valence, Cannes, Vienne, and Grenoble. The Jews in the Italian-controlled south were apprehensive at first because Italy had been officially anti-Semitic since 1938. Within a few weeks, however, their apprehension turned to optimism as they witnessed the Italians' refusal to enforce the anti-Jewish policies of the Germans and the Vichy regime. The Italians moved Jewish immigrants and refugees to supervised residences in the interior, most of them in Saint-Martin-Vésubie. This chapter describes the experiences of nine Jewish families who moved to Saint-Martin-Vésubie between November 1942 and September 1943.

Keywords:   Jewish immigrants, refugees, Italy, France, Jews, Germany, Saint-Martin-Vésubie, Nice

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