Rebellion, Resistance and Revitalisation Ion in the Western Roman Provinces
This chapter argues that the Classical texts will only inadvertently provide insights into subversion of or counter-thrusts against religious romanitas, and that it is archaeological evidence to which we must turn in our search for alternative movements after the inclusion of Gaul and Britain as provinces of the Roman Empire. The Druids' alleged prediction of Rome's collapse as a global power took place within the context of a serious Gallic revolt led by a Batavian of royal descent, Julius Civilis. Classical literary references have enabled relatively confident interpretations of this Celtiberian ceramic imagery. Religious iconography underwent a transformation under Roman domination, but this was expressed not as a replica of the Roman pantheon but as a new religious movement which used aspects of Roman artistic motifs to explore and present ideas that, despite being new, belonged firmly within the cosmologies of Gaul and Britain.
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