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DisorientationsSpanish Colonialism in Africa and the Performance of Identity$
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Susan Martin-Marquez

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780300125207

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300125207.001.0001

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Power Plays: Reformulations of Spanish Identity and the Colonization of Africa

Power Plays: Reformulations of Spanish Identity and the Colonization of Africa

Chapter:
(p.12) 1 Power Plays: Reformulations of Spanish Identity and the Colonization of Africa
Source:
Disorientations
Author(s):

Susan Martin-Marquez

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300125207.003.0002

This chapter presents an historical context of Spanish nation building. It considers some of the diverse methods which previous conceptualizations of the Spanish nation were reworked, from the late eighteenth centuries to the nineteenth centuries, as the exact nature of Spain's “African” legacy are described and debated. It details the central role of Arabism, along with the eventual proliferation of innovative perspectives on Spain's past from the elite circles to a broader audience, by means of print media and other cultural venues and forms. It then addresses the considerable worries that appeared over the racial make-up of Spaniards, as “scientific racism” came to being throughout Europe. Finally, it examines the overlapping of these discourses with the initiation of Spanish colonialism in Africa, to show the profound ambivalence of Spain's national identity and history.

Keywords:   national identity, Spain, Arabism, Africa, nation building

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