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The Mongols and the Islamic WorldFrom Conquest to Conversion$
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Peter Jackson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780300125337

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300125337.001.0001

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The Islamic World and Inner Asian Peoples down to the Mongol Invasion

The Islamic World and Inner Asian Peoples down to the Mongol Invasion

(p.46) 2 The Islamic World and Inner Asian Peoples down to the Mongol Invasion
The Mongols and the Islamic World

Peter Jackson

Yale University Press

This chapter examines the relations, down to the eve of the Mongol invasions, between the Dār al-Islām and the nomads of the Eurasian steppe. When Mongol forces headed by Chinggis Khan first invaded Islamic territory in 1219, Muslims had been in contact for at least 500 years with the peoples of the great steppe belt that extends from Manchuria to Hungary and those of the forest zones of Siberia further north. The chapter first considers the Muslims' early contacts with the Inner Asian steppe before discussing the entry of the steppe peoples into the Islamic world. It also analyses the emergence of the Qipchaq-Qangli confederacy and the infidel Qara-Khitai. Finally, it looks at the Gür-khans and their Muslim subjects, the Khwārazmshāhs' attacks upon the Qipchaq-Qangli confederacy, and the rise of the Mongols in the eastern steppes.

Keywords:   nomads, Mongol invasions, Dār al-Islām, Chinggis Khan, Muslims, Inner Asian steppe, Islamic world, Qipchaq-Qangli confederacy, Qara-Khitai, Mongols

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