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The Mongols and the Islamic WorldFrom Conquest to Conversion$
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Peter Jackson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780300125337

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300125337.001.0001

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Apportioning and Governing an Empire (c. 1221–c. 1260)

Apportioning and Governing an Empire (c. 1221–c. 1260)

(p.95) 4 Apportioning and Governing an Empire (c. 1221–c. 1260)
The Mongols and the Islamic World

Peter Jackson

Yale University Press

This chapter examines the complex layers of the Mongol imperial administration under the qaghans from Ögödei (r. 1229–1241) to Möngke (r. 1251–1259) and the distribution of appanage lands among the members of Chinggis Khan's dynasty. It first provides a background on Chinggis Khan's empire before discussing the succession to Chinggis Khan. It then considers the disputed successions of 1241–1246 and 1248–1251, the distribution of appanages among the imperial family, and the role of elite women under the Mongols and in steppe polities in general. It also describes the administrative structure of the Mongol empire as well as the system of taxation, Mongol law, the centralisation of imperial authority under Möngke, and the rise of the Jochids in Western Asia. The chapter concludes with an assessment of various elements that helped maintain the unity of the Mongol empire.

Keywords:   qaghans, Ögödei, Möngke, Chinggis Khan, succession, appanages, Mongols, imperial administration, Mongol empire, Jochids

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