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Gender Nonconformity and the Law - Yale Scholarship Online
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Gender Nonconformity and the Law

Kimberly A Yuracko


Sex discrimination in employment has been prohibited by federal law since the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. When the Act was passed, its target was clear. It sought to end women’s exclusion from particular jobs and to challenge their relegation to a “pink collar” ghetto. In recent years, courts have interpreted Title VII’s prohibition on sex discrimination in increasingly expansive ways. Not only are workers protected from discrimination based on their biological sex, they are increasingly protected from discrimination based on the ways they express their gender identity. Men percei ... More

Keywords: Discrimination, Title VII, Law, Equality, Sex, Gender, Antisubordination, Neutrality, Nonconformity

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780300125856
Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2016 DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300125856.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Kimberly A Yuracko, author
Northwestern University School of Law