Alamocordo, New Mexico
This chapter is concerned with the city of Alamogordo, located in southern New Mexico. Alamogordo began as the late-nineteenth-century version of a planned community. Before then, various unplanned human communities wandered through the region for centuries, including a pueblo that was located within today's city limits. The Apaches arrived in the area around 1500. Spain claimed the land in 1598, though it never really attempted to exercise control over it. Sovereignty shifted to Mexico in 1821 and then to the United States thanks to the resolution of the Mexican War by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. Ranchers, miners, and farmers moved into the land from Texas after the Civil War, and the natives were forced to the Mescalero Apache Reservation just north of Alamogordo by an executive order signed by President Ulysses S. Grant in 1873.
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