Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Structure and Dynamics of Human EcosystemsToward a Model for Understanding and Action$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

William R Burch, Gary E Machlis, and Jo Ellen Force

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780300137033

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300137033.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 25 June 2021

The Roots of Human Ecology

The Roots of Human Ecology

Chapter:
(p.64) Five The Roots of Human Ecology
Source:
The Structure and Dynamics of Human Ecosystems
Author(s):

William R. Burch Jr.

Gary E. Machlis

Jo Ellen Force

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300137033.003.0005

This chapter looks at how the roots of human ecology lie primarily in general ecology, sociology, geography, and anthropology, as documented by numerous literature reviews. The idea for the application of general ecological principles to human activity was sparked by sociologists at the University of Chicago in the 1920s and 1930s. Sociologists Robert E. Park and Ernest W. Burgess drew analogies between human and nonhuman communities, describing society’s symbiotic and competitive relationships as an organic web. Biological concepts such as competition, commensalism, succession, and equilibrium were freely borrowed, mirroring the biologists’ use of social science concepts. Borrowing from contemporary plant ecologists and their focus on plant community zones, early human ecologists moved from classrooms to city streets to map “natural areas” or zones of the urban metropolis.

Keywords:   human ecology, sociology, anthropology, geography, Robert E. Park, Ernest W. Burgess, competition, commensalism, plant ecologists

Yale Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.