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Civil Society and EmpireIreland and Scotland in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World$
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James Livesey

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780300139020

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300139020.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 27 July 2021

The Authority of the Defeated

The Authority of the Defeated

Catholic Languages of the Moral Order in the Eighteenth Century

(p.90) Chapter Three The Authority of the Defeated
Civil Society and Empire

James Livesey

Yale University Press

This chapter explains the struggles of Irish Catholics to obtain the right to partake in any political activity. During the eighteenth century, Ireland was governed by Protestants. The Irish Catholics were prohibited from partaking in political activity, as the Protestants were afraid of the Vatican threat that came along with Catholicism. There was a problem for Irish Catholic political inclusion, in that they had to explain their participation in political activities to the societies that they once challenged. This became a struggle for Catholics, as they were trying to integrate themselves in Protestant society without alienating and stereotyping themselves from others. The solution for this came to be found in two ways: figurism and pietism, which they used to move around the eighteenth century political arena. Their responses made their own religious practices more personal than political, thus reducing the perceived threat labelled by the Protestants upon the Catholics.

Keywords:   political inclusion, Catholics, Ireland, Protestants, figurism, pietism

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