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The Ethiopian RevolutionWar in the Horn of Africa$
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Gebru Tareke

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780300141634

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300141634.001.0001

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Roots and Outcomes of Revolution: A Review

Roots and Outcomes of Revolution: A Review

(p.11) 1 Roots and Outcomes of Revolution: A Review
The Ethiopian Revolution

Gebru Tareke

Yale University Press

A failed coup d'état more than a decade earlier could well be the event that set in motion the Ethiopian Revolution of 1974. That event, which took place in 1960, triggered years of political protest against monarchical absolutism that culminated in the civil war. After the coup, and mainly because of it, a wave of violence and anarchy engulfed the whole country. During the decade before the revolution, popular resistance against autocracy came in the form of radical student activism, the Eritrean insurgency, and peasant revolts. This chapter examines the spate of irreversible events that brought about political, social, and cultural changes in Ethiopia. It looks at how ideology, historical contingency, and desire for power contributed to the so-called Red Terror and considers the rise of Mengistu Haile Mariam as Ethiopian socialist dictator and ruler.

Keywords:   coup d'état, Ethiopian Revolution, civil war, Ethiopia, autocracy, student activism, insurgency, peasant revolts, Red Terror, Mengistu Haile Mariam

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