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The Ethiopian RevolutionWar in the Horn of Africa$
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Gebru Tareke

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780300141634

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300141634.001.0001

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The Victorious Nationalists: Insurgent Eritrea

The Victorious Nationalists: Insurgent Eritrea

(p.55) 2 The Victorious Nationalists: Insurgent Eritrea
The Ethiopian Revolution

Gebru Tareke

Yale University Press

Historically, Ethiopia was comprised of a relatively restricted space that today encompasses most of Tigray and much of Eritrea. Trouble began in the fourteenth century A.D. when the king residing in Gondar divided the region into two parts for administrative purposes, with the Merab River serving as the line of demarcation. The roots of the Eritrean conflict can be traced to 1890, when the Italians colonized the northern province, including the coastal lowlands, and called it Eritrea. In 1941, the British took over the Italians, during which Eritrean political parties with conflicting agendas or visions proliferated. This chapter examines the rise of Eritrean nationalism and insurgency that threw Ethiopia into years of anarchy and set the stage for one of the longest-lasting armed conflicts on the African continent, culminating in the Ethiopian Revolution. It looks at the emergence of various insurgency groups such as the Eritrean Liberation Movement, the Eritrean Liberation Front, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front, and the Eritrean People's Revolutionary Party.

Keywords:   nationalism, Ethiopia, Tigray, Eritrea, insurgency, Ethiopian Revolution, Eritrean Liberation Movement, Eritrean Liberation Front, Eritrean People's Liberation Front, Eritrean People's Revolutionary Party

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