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The Ethiopian RevolutionWar in the Horn of Africa$
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Gebru Tareke

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780300141634

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300141634.001.0001

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Ogaden: “Socialist” Neighbors at War

Ogaden: “Socialist” Neighbors at War

(p.182) 6 Ogaden: “Socialist” Neighbors at War
The Ethiopian Revolution

Gebru Tareke

Yale University Press

In mid-1977, the Democratic Republic of Somalia invaded Ethiopia in order to annex the Ogaden, a territory that it had coveted since the 1960s on ethnic and cultural grounds. The invasion, seen as a first step toward the establishment of a Greater Somalia coextensive with the Somali people in the Horn of Africa, ignited a major war of attrition that dragged many external actors into the fray. However, Somalia's military dictator, Siyad Barre, never expected that Ethiopia would get massive support from socialist countries, particularly Cuba and the Soviet Union. Ethiopia would go on to crush and repel Barre's invading army, becoming the most militarized and powerful state in the Horn of Africa after the conflict.

Keywords:   invasion, Somalia, Ethiopia, Ogaden, Horn of Africa, war, Siyad Barre, Cuba, Soviet Union

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