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Béla Bartók$
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David Cooper

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300148770

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300148770.001.0001

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‘Now I came from the battlefield’

‘Now I came from the battlefield’

1903–1904

Chapter:
(p.22) Chapter Two ‘Now I came from the battlefield’
Source:
Béla Bartók
Author(s):

David Cooper

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300148770.003.0002

This chapter focuses on Béla Bartók's compositions written between 1903 and 1904. It considers Bartók's earliest attempts to forge a musical language to express Hungarian national identity and his own nationalism. In particular, it discusses the verbunkos tradition and its early history and provides an overview of Hungarian music. It also explores the connection between the gentry and Gypsy-performed music on one hand, and the process of Magyarisation that developed in Hungary after the Ausgleich of 1867. Finally, it analyses some of Bartók's works, including the song “Est” (Evening) and the symphonic poem Kossuth, Piano Quintet, and Rhapsody.

Keywords:   compositions, Béla Bartók, national identity, nationalism, verbunkos, Hungarian music, gentry, Magyarisation, Hungary

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