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The Moral Culture of the Scottish Enlightenment1690-1805$
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Thomas Ahnert

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300153804

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300153804.001.0001

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Presbyterianism in Scotland After 1690

Presbyterianism in Scotland After 1690

(p.17) 1. Presbyterianism in Scotland After 1690
The Moral Culture of the Scottish Enlightenment

Thomas Ahnert

Yale University Press

This chapter examines the state of Scottish Presbyterianism in the decades immediately following the Glorious Revolution of 1688 – 89. The revolution had brought about the restoration of the Presbyterian church, but for many years its adherents regarded their situation as highly precarious. Orthodox Calvinists believed themselves to be under threat, from Episcopalians, Jacobites, deists, enthusiasts, and a range of heretics, such as the Glasgow professor John Simson, who was formally accused of heresy twice, in the 1710s and 1720s. Two late seventeenth-century and early eighteenth-century authors, Henry Scougal and George Garden are also discussed. They were important because their writings are an example of seventeenth-century “Augustinianism” and they were influential among heterodox Presbyterians from the 1720s.

Keywords:   Glorious Revolution, Deism, Atheism, Enthusiasm, General Assembly, Presbyterianism, Augustinianism, Federal Theology, Covenant of Works, John Simson

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