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Menachem Begin$
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Avi Shilon

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780300162356

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300162356.001.0001

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Jubilation and Disappointment

Jubilation and Disappointment

(p.106) Six Jubilation and Disappointment
Menachem Begin

Avi Shilon

Yale University Press

Following the United Nations's proposal for the partition of Palestine, a civil war erupted between the Arabs and the Jews of Palestine, signaling the first phase of the War of Independence. Etzel captured Deir Yassin and Jaffa, sparking great controversy. Deir Yassin, a relatively small Arab village west of Jerusalem, symbolized the historic relations between Jews and Arabs throughout the twentieth century and was valued by the Jews because it was adjacent to a flat spread of land on which an airfield was supposed to rise. In early April 1948, David Ben Gurion launched Operation Nachshon—the breach of the siege of Jerusalem. Although Menachem Begin continued to oppose the principle of partition, he declared support for a declaration of independence. On May 14, 1948, David Ben Gurion announced the creation of the State of Israel. In the January 1949 elections for the legislative assembly, Begin suffered his first defeat in politics when Herut received only fourteen Knesset seats and became the fourth largest party in the country.

Keywords:   elections, independence, Palestine, civil war, Arabs, Jews, David Ben Gurion, Menachem Begin, Israel, Herut

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