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Menachem Begin$
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Avi Shilon

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780300162356

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300162356.001.0001

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Buds of Legitimacy

Buds of Legitimacy

(p.184) Nine Buds of Legitimacy
Menachem Begin

Avi Shilon

Yale University Press

On October 28, 1956, Israel, working with France and Britain, launched Operation Kadesh to attack Egypt. Earlier that month, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal, which David Ben Gurion feared was a result of Egypt's strengthened ties with the Communist bloc. The operation was successful, with the Israelis gaining control of the entire Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip by November 6. Israel eventually withdrew from the conquered territories after the Russia and the United States threatened military action and sanctions, respectively. In the fourth elections, Herut won seventeen mandates, an increase of two seats from the previous Knesset. Herut received the same number of seats in the fifth elections. The “Gush [bloc (Hebrew)] Herut-Liberalim” (Gahal), formed by Menachem Begin, also suffered a surprising defeat in the sixth elections.

Keywords:   elections, Israel, Operation Kadesh, Egypt, David Ben Gurion, Gaza Strip, Herut, Knesset, Gahal, Menachem Begin

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